Guide to Athlete Lab
What sessions should I do?
In order to get the most out of your training, the Athlete Lab Coaching Team have put together a Recommended Session Guide to help you select the right sessions depending on your training goals or upcoming events. They have been summarized into four categories: Long distance; Middle distance; Short distance; and Overall fitness.
In order to maintain your bike handling skills as well as enjoying the great outdoors, you should also be aiming to ride outside at least once per week as well.
This is to be used as a guide only – if you wish to know more about how you can train more effectively, please speak to one of our coaches about a personalised training program.
|Rider Type||Events||Recommended Sessions (Based on 3-4 sessions p/wk)|
|Overall Fitness||• Weight Loss|
• Social rides
• Charity rides
• Improve base fitness
|2 x Ironmania|
2 x Threshold or Strength Endurance* (x1 if 3 p/wk)
(1 x ride outdoors 1-2hrs)
(over 2 hours duration)
• Multi-stage rides
• Long road races/club rides
• Improve endurance
|2 x Ironmania (x1 if 3 p/wk)|
1 x Strength Endurance
1 x Threshold Booster
(1 x long ride outdoors 3hrs+)
(up to 2 hours duration)
|• Olympic Triathlon|
• Time Trials
• Short road races
• Improve FTP
|2x Threshold Booster or Strength Endurance (x1 if 3 p/wk)|
1 x Ironmania
1 x Sprint Intervals or Power House
(1 x ride outdoors 2hrs+)
(up to 1 hour duration)
|• Sprint Triathlon|
• Crit racing
• Track racing
• Improve overall speed
|2 x Sprint Intervals (x1 if 3 p/wk)|
1 x Power House
1 x Threshold Booster
(1 x ride outdoors/track 1-2hrs)
Completing the Functional Threshold Power (FTP) test
As we use power as the most effective form of measuring output, we recommend new members undertake an ‘FTP’ test as soon as possible before starting their program. The result of this test will give you a number in watts that is sustainable over 1 hour – your ‘FTP’. Once completing the test you will be able to train to an accurate percentage of power and heart rate that will determine the intensity of each session. The test includes a short warm up followed by a 20 minute effort by which your average power is calculated over, and multiplied by 95% to determine the FTP.
Athlete Lab session descriptions – What do our sessions achieve?
The sessions we offer at Athlete Lab are designed to work at different training zones, as advised by Shane Sutton, British Cycling Performance Director and Head of Coaching at Athlete Lab. Each training zone refers to a different level of intensity based on a percentage of heart rate, power, interval duration and perceived exertion. Each zone will have a different effect on the body, so it is important to structure your training accordingly and include appropriate recovery.
There are five key sessions on the schedule, each lasting from 45min-1hour in duration and varying in structure. Underneath each colour-coded session is a brief description of what it is achieving and the typical improvements you can expect to gain from them.
|Session Title||Zone||FTP%||MHR%||RPE||Interval duration|
|Ironmania||2||56‑75%||<65%||1‑3||10‑30min||Can be used as a lower intensity session with reduced FTP – spinning the legs out with a lower heart rate Improves: Base fitness, aerobic capacity, preparation for next session|
|Ironmania||3||76‑90%||66‑75%||4‑6||10‑30min||Longer sustainable aerobic efforts at a tempo pace Improves: Aerobic capacity, pedalling efficiency, muscle glycogen storage, weight loss|
|Strength Endurance||4||91‑100%||76‑85%||5‑7||10‑20min||Aerobic efforts around FTP focusing on building bike specific strength Improves: Aerobic capacity, lactate threshold, strength, climbing ability, pedalling efficiency|
|Threshold Booster||4||95‑105%||76‑85%||6‑8||10‑20min||Longer intervals just below and above FTP (threshold) requiring sustained leg effort Improves: Lactate threshold, sustainable race-pace power, cardiac output, pedalling efficiency|
|Power House||5||106‑120%||>85%||7‑9||3‑8min||Shorter intervals at a sustained pace above threshold|
Improves: Oxygen consumption (Vo2 Max), cardiac output, lactate threshold, acceleration
|Sprint Intervals||6‑7||>120%||Max||8‑10||10sec‑3min||Short burst sprint intervals up to all-out effort, with high repetition and short recovery time|
Improves: Anaerobic capacity, explosive power, top end speed, acceleration, higher cadence
MHR = Max Heart Rate, FTP = Functional Threshold Power, RPE = Rate of Perceived Exertion
Training Zone Descriptions – What do the numbers mean?
|Zone||MHR % Range||FTP % Range||Type||RPE||Physiological Effects|
|1||<55%||<55%||Recovery – Very Very Light||1||Extremely easy, minimal effort required, not sweating, social pace or warm up spinning|
|2||56‑65%||56‑75%||Base Endurance – Light||2‑3||Feels like can maintain for hours. Easy to breath and carry conversation|
|3||66‑75%||76‑90%||Tempo – Moderate||4‑6||Can maintain for long duration, breathing becoming deeper but can maintain comfortable conversation|
|4||76‑85%||91‑105%||Threshold – Hard||6‑8||Short of breath, becoming uncomfortable, continuous conversation difficult at best.|
|5||86‑99%||106‑120%||Vo2 Max – Very Hard||7‑9||Difficult to maintain, very hard to breath, don’t want to talk. Longer recovery needed.|
|6||N/A||>120%||Anaerobic – Extremely Hard||8‑10||Completely out of breath, can’t talk. Longer cool down and substantial recovery needed.|
|7||N/A||N/A||Neuromuscular – All Out||N/A||All-out effort.|